Jim DeMint was on the verge of being where every senator longs to be — holding a top position on an influential committee with oversight of industries critical to his state.
But, as is so often the case with the maverick from South Carolina, DeMint turned his back on convention. Instead he announced Thursday that he would resign to become president of the Heritage Foundation. The move puts DeMint at the head of the most prominent conservative nonprofit organization in Washington and in a position he hopes will afford more power to move the Republican Party in an ever-rightward direction.
“I’m leaving the Senate now, but I’m not leaving the fight. I’ve decided to join The Heritage Foundation at a time when the conservative movement needs strong leadership in the battle of ideas,” DeMint, 61, said in a statement.
DeMint’s decision marks a monumental change from a not-so-long-ago era when abandoning a prime perch in the Senate to head a think tank would have been unthinkable. But the past decade has shown the influence that figures outside of elected office — whether tea party leaders or anti-tax advocate Grover Norquist — can have on the conservative movement.
“It’s a creative, innovative move, and demonstrative of the newer way of thinking about how to use new tools today to move an agenda, where service in government is just one way, but not the only way, to drive the conversation,” said Eric Ueland, a former Senate chief of staff and now a lobbyist with the Duberstein Group.
“The landscape has changed,” added Sen. John Cornyn (R-Tex.), who jousted with DeMint over endorsements of Republican Senate candidates. “The influence of the political parties has been diminished with the rise of super PACs and other people who decide to get involved.”
DeMint’s job at Heritage will almost certainly come with a great deal more money than his $174,000 Senate salary. The terms of his deal are unknown, but the man DeMint will replace, Edwin Feulner, makes more than $1 million a year.
DeMint’s move is part of a reordering of the Republican Party after an election in which the GOP could not gain the presidency and lost seats in the Senate and House. Earlier this week, former Republican House majority leader Richard K. Armey stepped down from FreedomWorks, an influential group aligned with the tea party movement. And in the House, Speaker John A. Boehner (R-Ohio) kicked a few conservative lawmakers off prominent committees in an effort to consolidate power.
DeMint retires from the Senate having exerted an enormous amount of influence on the institution — yet without ever having passed a single piece of significant legislation.
Rather than rising up the Senate ranks to influence legislation, DeMint chose to be a cheerful starter of civil wars. With his Senate Conservatives Fund, DeMint assembled candidates and money to wage primary fights against establishment Republicans he deemed insufficiently conservative. He experienced both spectacular success and failure.
DeMint helped create a new brand of tea party senator, focused on shrinking the federal government, cutting spending and supporting conservative social causes, what Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.) hailed Thursday as the “liberty caucus.” Paul’s 2010 primary victory upended an establishment pick supported by Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.).
Among DeMint’s biggest victories were the elections of Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.) in 2010 and Sen.-elect Ted Cruz (R-Tex.) this year. “Jim DeMint was the first person in Washington that believed in me,” Rubio said Thursday in a statement.
But DeMint also helped elevate doomed candidates, such as Sharron Angle in Nevada, Christine O’Donnell in Delaware and Ken Buck in Colorado, who lost races that establishment alternatives were favored to win.
DeMint, a native of Greenville, S.C., worked in business before he was elected to the House in 1998. In 2004, he won the Senate seat vacated by retiring Democrat Ernest F. Hollings, a change that reflected South Carolina’s broader political shift from bastion of the Democratic “Solid South” to epicenter of a deep-red modern conservatism.
In the Senate, DeMint has been distinguished by his strident attacks on Democrats: For example, he predicted the health-care debate would be President Obama’s “Waterloo.” His key accomplishments were in blocking legislation. He infuriated colleagues by using parliamentary procedures to force weekend votes, even if he didn’t show up for the actual roll call himself.
His most recent move was to publicly oppose Boehner’s GOP offer to Obama calling for $800 billion in increased tax revenue — which DeMint labeled a “charade” that sold out conservative principles.
DeMint was positioned to become the ranking Republican on the Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee next year, a post that he could have used to boost his coastal state’s shipping industry and its bid to deepen Charleston’s port.